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Java java.io.IOException: Broken pipe 解决Java中的java.io.IOException: Broken pipe问题

huayang183   2021-06-04 我要评论
想了解解决Java中的java.io.IOException: Broken pipe问题的相关内容吗,huayang183在本文为您仔细讲解Java java.io.IOException: Broken pipe的相关知识和一些Code实例,欢迎阅读和指正,我们先划重点:Java,java.io.IOException,Broken,pipe,下面大家一起来学习吧。

Java 中java.io.IOException: Broken pipe

认识broken pipe

pipe是管道的意思,管道里面是数据流,通常是从文件或网络套接字读取的数据。

当该管道从另一端突然关闭时,会发生数据突然中断,即是broken。

对于文件File来说,这可能是文件安装在已断开连接的光盘或远程网络上。

对于socket来说,可能是网络被拔出或另一端的进程崩溃。

在Java中,没有具体的BrokenPipeException。

将此类错误包含在另一个异常,例如java.io.IOException:Broken pipe

解决问题

其实当该异常产生的时候,对于服务端来说,并没有多少影响。因为可能是某个客户端突然中止了进程导致了该错误。但是为了程序能够美观、优雅,还是要在合适的地方捕获该异常,并处理一下。

还有一种可能性就是程序里面有代码执行时间过长,用户等待时间过久,才会强行中止进程。

那么这种情况下就需要去分析log中报异常的地方是经常发生在什么地方,合理优化该段代码,提升代码的运行速度,才能从根本上避免此类问题的再次发生。

可能原因:

1、客户端请求服务器数据,服务器突然挂了;

2、客户端请求服务端数据,服务端正常返回,凡是客户端由于超时等原因断开。

原因分析:

做了压力测试,发现遇到的情况属于第二种,由于去数据库取数据的时候,30秒里无法正常获取有效的数据库连接,或者查询时间长,导致OSB过来的请求超时,也就是客户端超时了,服务端还试图返回数据,结果导致如题异常。

解决方法:

1、增大数据库连接池数量;

2、延长客户端超时时间。

java.io.IOException: Broken pipe 线上问题记录

今天在上线前staging环境验证时遇到这样一个问题java.io.IOException: Broken pipe,操作服务刚起来之后,测试人员第一次进行更配[post]操作,结果操作失败,但是第二次就好了

我们是springboot+angularJs前后端分离,然后服务使用k8s在容器中部署,原始的异常栈信息是这样,

2019-09-26T02:42:09Z [http-nio-8080-exec-9] WARN  [org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver:411] - Failed to invoke @ExceptionHandler method: public org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity<com.inspur.common.exception.ErrorResponse> com.inspur.common.exception.CommonControllerAdvice.exceptionHandler(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest,java.lang.Exception)
org.apache.catalina.connector.ClientAbortException: java.io.IOException: Broken pipe
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.doFlush(OutputBuffer.java:321)
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.flush(OutputBuffer.java:284)
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteOutputStream.flush(CoyoteOutputStream.java:118)
	at org.springframework.security.web.util.OnCommittedResponseWrapper$SaveContextServletOutputStream.flush(OnCommittedResponseWrapper.java:514)
	at com.fasterxml.jackson.core.json.UTF8JsonGenerator.flush(UTF8JsonGenerator.java:1100)
	at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectWriter.writeValue(ObjectWriter.java:915)
	at org.springframework.http.converter.json.AbstractJackson2HttpMessageConverter.writeInternal(AbstractJackson2HttpMessageConverter.java:285)
	at org.springframework.http.converter.AbstractGenericHttpMessageConverter.write(AbstractGenericHttpMessageConverter.java:102)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.AbstractMessageConverterMethodProcessor.writeWithMessageConverters(AbstractMessageConverterMethodProcessor.java:272)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.HttpEntityMethodProcessor.handleReturnValue(HttpEntityMethodProcessor.java:224)
	at org.springframework.web.method.support.HandlerMethodReturnValueHandlerComposite.handleReturnValue(HandlerMethodReturnValueHandlerComposite.java:82)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:119)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver.doResolveHandlerMethodException(ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver.java:400)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.AbstractHandlerMethodExceptionResolver.doResolveException(AbstractHandlerMethodExceptionResolver.java:61)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.AbstractHandlerExceptionResolver.resolveException(AbstractHandlerExceptionResolver.java:136)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.HandlerExceptionResolverComposite.resolveException(HandlerExceptionResolverComposite.java:78)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processHandlerException(DispatcherServlet.java:1255)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1062)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:1008)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:925)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:974)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:866)
	at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:687)
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:851)
	at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:790)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:231)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at com.inspur.common.filter.RepeatedlyReadFilter.doFilter(RepeatedlyReadFilter.java:34)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at com.inspur.eip.config.filter.KeyClockAuthFilter.doFilter(KeyClockAuthFilter.java:53)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at com.alibaba.druid.support.http.WebStatFilter.doFilter(WebStatFilter.java:123)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at com.alibaba.druid.support.http.WebStatFilter.doFilter(WebStatFilter.java:123)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.boot.actuate.web.trace.servlet.HttpTraceFilter.doFilterInternal(HttpTraceFilter.java:90)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at com.inspur.iam.adapter.filter.SecurityContextFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextFilter.java:119)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:320)
	at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:127)
	at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:91)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:119)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:137)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:111)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.keycloak.adapters.springsecurity.filter.KeycloakAuthenticatedActionsFilter.doFilter(KeycloakAuthenticatedActionsFilter.java:74)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.keycloak.adapters.springsecurity.filter.KeycloakSecurityContextRequestFilter.doFilter(KeycloakSecurityContextRequestFilter.java:77)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:170)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:63)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.keycloak.adapters.springsecurity.filter.KeycloakAuthenticationProcessingFilter.successfulAuthentication(KeycloakAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:208)
	at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:240)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:116)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.keycloak.adapters.springsecurity.filter.KeycloakPreAuthActionsFilter.doFilter(KeycloakPreAuthActionsFilter.java:84)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.header.HeaderWriterFilter.doFilterInternal(HeaderWriterFilter.java:66)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:105)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.context.request.async.WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.doFilterInternal(WebAsyncManagerIntegrationFilter.java:56)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:334)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:215)
	at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:178)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:357)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:270)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.RequestContextFilter.doFilterInternal(RequestContextFilter.java:99)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.HttpPutFormContentFilter.doFilterInternal(HttpPutFormContentFilter.java:109)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter.doFilterInternal(HiddenHttpMethodFilter.java:93)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.WebMvcMetricsFilter.filterAndRecordMetrics(WebMvcMetricsFilter.java:155)
	at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.WebMvcMetricsFilter.filterAndRecordMetrics(WebMvcMetricsFilter.java:123)
	at org.springframework.boot.actuate.metrics.web.servlet.WebMvcMetricsFilter.doFilterInternal(WebMvcMetricsFilter.java:108)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:200)
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:193)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:166)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:198)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:96)
	at org.keycloak.adapters.tomcat.AbstractAuthenticatedActionsValve.invoke(AbstractAuthenticatedActionsValve.java:67)
	at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:493)
	at org.keycloak.adapters.tomcat.AbstractKeycloakAuthenticatorValve.invoke(AbstractKeycloakAuthenticatorValve.java:181)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:140)
	at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:81)
	at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:87)
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:342)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:800)
	at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:66)
	at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:806)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1498)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1149)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:624)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)
Caused by: java.io.IOException: Broken pipe
	at sun.nio.ch.FileDispatcherImpl.write0(Native Method)
	at sun.nio.ch.SocketDispatcher.write(SocketDispatcher.java:47)
	at sun.nio.ch.IOUtil.writeFromNativeBuffer(IOUtil.java:93)
	at sun.nio.ch.IOUtil.write(IOUtil.java:65)
	at sun.nio.ch.SocketChannelImpl.write(SocketChannelImpl.java:471)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioChannel.write(NioChannel.java:134)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioBlockingSelector.write(NioBlockingSelector.java:101)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioSelectorPool.write(NioSelectorPool.java:157)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$NioSocketWrapper.doWrite(NioEndpoint.java:1306)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketWrapperBase.doWrite(SocketWrapperBase.java:726)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketWrapperBase.flushBlocking(SocketWrapperBase.java:679)
	at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketWrapperBase.flush(SocketWrapperBase.java:669)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11OutputBuffer$SocketOutputBuffer.flush(Http11OutputBuffer.java:646)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.filters.ChunkedOutputFilter.flush(ChunkedOutputFilter.java:169)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11OutputBuffer.flush(Http11OutputBuffer.java:252)
	at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.flush(Http11Processor.java:1561)
	at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessor.action(AbstractProcessor.java:380)
	at org.apache.coyote.Response.action(Response.java:173)
	at org.apache.catalina.connector.OutputBuffer.doFlush(OutputBuffer.java:317)
	... 127 more
resolve exception

之后的操作,就正常了,正常日志如下:

google之后大概知道是什么问题了

注:读懂下面这句话,首先要熟悉TCP 四次挥手,不太熟悉 请右转google

总结 Broken Pipe:

这个异常是客户端读取超时关闭了连接,这时候服务器端再向客户端已经断开的连接写数据时就发生了broken pipe异常!

作为一个后端工程师,一定要对日常的一些异常有一个积累总结,笔者就自己有在总结,一是总结整理之后,下次遇到同样的问题自己不会很茫然不知所措,尤其是在上线是,其他同事都在等着你解决问题的时候,你吭吭唧唧那就不太好了,二是笔者之前在面试时也有经常被问到类似的问题,记忆尤新的就是被云校的百度小哥问到connection by peer,之前博客也有介绍,作为社招有经验的工程师,更不能再以校招的面试作为自己的标准了,要有自己的经验积累,反正就是,干,就完了

最后,附一张我的错误记事本截图

以上为个人经验,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持。


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